(3) Long-term resident
Long-term resident is the person that is allowed to stay for a certain period of time by the Minister of Justice with the consideration of special reason.
Specifically, the notification of Justice Ministry stipulates the scope of this status, and there are some patterns of “Long term resident” who will stay as a family member.
Typical examples are as follows. (please refer to the diagram)
- A real child of the person who was born as the child of Japanese national.
- A spouse of the person who was born as the child of Japanese national and who stays with the status of residence “Child of Japanese”
- A spouse of the person with the status of residence “Long term resident” that is granted to stay here for over one year.
- A real child who is minor and unmarried and who lives by receiving support from the one with the status of residence “Spouse of Japanese” or “Spouse of Permanent Resident”
When a child* of a Japanese (1st generation) who emigrated to the South American countries enters Japan, he/she (2nd generation/foreigner) will be given the status of residence as “Child of Japanese”.
*In case he/she was born in South American countries and didn’t take the reservation of Japanese nationality
In addition to that, the status of residence as “Long term resident” will be given to the person as follows; (please refer to the diagram)
- A spouse of the person (2nd generation)
- A child (3rd generation) who was born under between them
Like “Spouse or Child of Japanese” or “Permanent Resident”, there is no work restrictions to these long term residents.
As to the handling on status of residence about the foreign parent who support the real child of Japanese nationals;
To the foreign parent who wants to stay to take care of the real child who is minor unmarried Japanese, and who is no longer eligible to keep “Spouse of Japanese” status due to divorce from Japanese spouse or separation by death, in principle, they will allow them to change to “Long term resident” status, if the foreign parent applies for it.
In this case, the parent should have parental authority of the real child and need to take care of the child for a reasonable period of time actually.
Solicitor & Immigration Lawyer Hitoshi Oishi